Online Event
September 12-13, 2022 | Online Event
FAT 2022

Effects of varying levels of Moringa Oleifera leaf meal on the growth, carcass quality and economics of production of broiler chicken

Etchu Kingsley Agbor, Speaker at Food Science Congress 2022
Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Cameroon
Title : Effects of varying levels of Moringa Oleifera leaf meal on the growth, carcass quality and economics of production of broiler chicken

Abstract:

The prices of broiler feed have been escalating, thereby reducing the viability of the poultry industry in Cameroon. This  study  was  carried  out  to  determine  the  effects  of  varying levels of Moringa  oleifera  leaf  meal  as substitute for soya beans on  the growth evolution, carcass quality and economics of production of broiler chickens. A total of two hundred and twenty five (225) unsexed cobb vantress broiler chicks were allotted to five (05) dietary treatments with forty five (45) birds per treatment in a completely randomized design experiment. Treatment groups were further divided into three (03) replicates with 15 chicks in each replicate. Soya bean meal was substituted weight for weight with Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) in broiler starter and finisher diets at 0%, 5%, 10% 15% and 20% levels respectively. Birds were fed during the experimental period that lasted for 9-weeks.  Data was collected on feed intake, weekly growth rate, feed conversion index and economics of production. At the end of the experiment, the birds were slaughtered, dressed and used for carcass quality. Treatment effect on average feed intake, final body weight, body weight gain, were significant (P<0.05) while feed conversion ratio was not significant (P>0.05). Inclusion of MOLM in broiler diets significantly (P<0.05) affected abdominal fat, thigh and feet yields but showed no significant difference for breast, drumstick, head, neck, gizzard, liver, heart, spleen, proventriculus and pancreas. It was concluded that Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) can only be included in the feed to levels up to 10% as higher levels affected feed intake and final weight gain although cost incurred per kilogramme feed was lower for birds on Moringa diets than birds on the control diet. Further study is needed on the yellow colour of the carcass and acceptability by consumers.

Biography:

Kingsley Agbor Etchu is a Research Professor with 20 years working experience at IRAD on Animal Nutrition and Physiology, adaptation and climate change, population dynamics as well as capacity building of young researchers, students from National and Foreign Universities, extension workers and farmers. He is the Principal Investigator for the Development of Cameroon National Strategy on Climate Smart Livestock under the Program for Climate-smart Livestock Systems (PCSL) (P167998) of the World Bank. Part-Time lecturer/ Curriculum Development for over 17 years with the Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine at the University of Buea, Cameroon. He is Member of Council and Cameroon representative for Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gasses (GRA). Has published over 45 Articles in Peer Review Scientific Journals, over 20 Technical Reports , 15 Posters;  10 Technical Guide to Farmers and 20 Conference papers, Seminars and Workshops.

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