HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.
Hybrid Event
September 12-13, 2022 | Paris, France
FAT 2018

Soil available nutrients and nutritional food quality of crops

Surendra Singh, Speaker at Food Chemistry Conferences
Banaras Hindu University, India
Title : Soil available nutrients and nutritional food quality of crops

Abstract:

Nutritious food is essential to meet the dietary needs for healthy human life. Continuous crop production can reduce nutrient reserve in the soil. As reserves get depleted crop growth and productivity can be compromised, over time, cumulative depletion candecrease crop yields, food quality and soil health. Hence, an adequate supply of plant nutrients is essential insoils for crop production and nutritional food quality. An integral approach recognize that soils are the store house of most of the plant nutrients essential for plant growth and that the way in which nutrients are managed will have a major impact on crop yields, nutritional food quality and soil health. The addition of N generally has the greatest effect on plant growth and also considerable influence on food quality, especially through increase in protein content and its quality. The major P- containing compounds that are important for crop quality are phosphate esters, phytin and phospholipids. K is very closely associated with crop quality. It improves the quality of several products including tubers, fruits and vegetables. Adequate supplies of Ca prevent a number of crop quality problems, such as inner decay of cabbage, brown spot and bitter kit in apples and empty shells in groundnuts. A good supply of Mg increases the concentration of carbohydrates and also chlorophyll. An adequate supply of S improves: oil percentage in oil seeds and grain sizes, seed protein content in pulses and grain sizes, flour quality for milling and baking, marketability of copra, quality of tobacco, nutritive value of forage, starch content in tubers, head size in cauliflower and sugar content and sugar recovery in sugarcane. Micronutrients are involved in many metabolic process, their adequate supply is a precondition for good food quality, especially with respect to the concentrations of proteins and vitamins. Soil health for adequate supply of nutrients will be discussed for ensuring nutritional food quality of crops to sustained human health.

Biography:

Prof. Surendra Singh, Formerly Head, now professor, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry obtained M.Sc. (Ag) and Ph.D. Degrees in Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Banaras Hindu University. Served as capacity of Assistant professor, Associate professor and University professor at BAU, Ranchi (Jharkhand) during 1989-2006. Dr. Singh joined Banaras Hindu University on 21st November, 2006 as professor of Agricultural chemistry and altogether has experience more than 30 years (teaching, research, extension, consultancy, development, administration, etc.). Prof. Singh has worked extensively in the research areas of: use of sulphur, boron, organic resources, industrial by-products, minerals and INM in soils for enhancing nutrient use efficiency, nutritional food quality and crop productivity indifferent type of soils. Prof. Singh has 198 publications to his credit. He has guided/advised many M.Sc. and Ph.D. students. Dr. Singh has successfully executed a number of externally aided research, extension and developmental projects. He received prestigious TSI-FAI Award on Plant Nutrient Sulphur (1998), Fellow of Indian Society of Soil Science (2012) and best teacher award.

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