Title : Providing food support to socially vulnerable population groups due to the agricultural resources of the region in the context coping with the consequences of the Pandemic
The problem of providing food to socially unprotected groups of the population is considered, measures are proposed to develop the infrastructure of domestic food aid, as well as to create a mechanism for combining market, distribution and informal nutrition institutions for the poor. The main aspects of the problem are the process of providing food to the most needy segments of the population, the use of land withdrawn from circulation for organic production, the system of state support, the creation of market infrastructure in this area, overcoming the consequences of the pandemic. The mechanisms of motivating land users to use soil protection technologies, stimulating the use of "abandoned" lands through state support, and introducing degraded lands into agricultural circulation are proposed. In 2018-2020, Omsk State Agrarian University conducted a comprehensive study of the problem of providing unprotected segments of the population with environmentally friendly food products using the resource of land withdrawn from agricultural circulation. An industrial production and logistics center is being created as a specific infrastructure institution in the region. The main functions of the production and logistics center of the megapolis are the synchronization of information flows: reception and storage of agricultural raw materials and food from agricultural producers; processing of agricultural raw materials and food in their own production organizations. A specialized production and logistics center will eliminate inefficient intermediaries, reduce storage costs and increase the share of agricultural producers in the final price of the consumer in the food chain. The implementation of this approach will serve as an incentive for the development of agriculture. An assessment of the effectiveness and expediency of work on the involvement of unused arable land in agricultural turnover was carried out. The effectiveness and expediency of restoring degraded lands that were destroyed were justified. The transformation of degraded land into agricultural turnover will allow for efficient use of land and generate additional income. Large-scale production of food and semi-finished products will allow using innovative technologies, saving resources, ensuring quality control of ingredients, flexibility in planning food preparation, and efficient use of production capacities. The impact of the results obtained. Creation of a unified supplier system that provides centralized selection, delivery, quality and safety control of products, purchase of products directly from the manufacturer-local agricultural producers; - strict input control of the supplied raw materials (technologists, sanitary doctors, production control specialists, etc.) - Creation of new jobs in the industrial production system of high-readiness food preparation; Creation of a system of complete incoming and outgoing production control, including using laboratory and instrumental methods; - Reduction of losses at all stages of agricultural production and sales (through the use of high-tech equipment, the use of special accounting and control systems for production, storage); Providing food to social network clients, children with hot meals in preschool and general education institutions by subsidizing part of the costs to low-income parents; - a large amount of food is sent to the domestic food aid system (18-22% of the food consumed in the region), which ensures guaranteed domestic demand for local producers; - the funds of the regional budget allocated for food aid to socially unprotected segments of the population are involved in the production turnover. The study identifies the areas of work and spheres of influence: In the field of state support - the gradual expansion of state guarantees; - in the field of domestic food assistance to the population-the formation of public-private partnership in the creation and organization of infrastructure facilities; Coordination of cooperation between the participants of the industrial, social, credit, financial and trade spheres, the functioning of the settlement and payment system.